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Engineers develop networked self-analyzing electric motors

A team of engineers from Saarland University are developing intelligent motor systems that function without the need for additional sensors. By essentially transforming the motor itself into a sensor, the team led by Professor Matthias Nienhaus are creating smart motors that can tell whether they are still running smoothly, can communicate and interact with other…

Earth-space telescope produces hot surprise

Astronomers using an orbiting radio telescope in conjunction with four ground-based radio telescopes have achieved the highest resolution, or ability to discern fine detail, of any astronomical observation ever made. Their achievement produced a pair of scientific surprises that promise to advance the understanding of quasars, supermassive black holes at the cores of galaxies. The…

Breastfeeding, Vaccinations Can Cut Ear Infections in Babies

Higher rates of breastfeeding, use of vaccinations and lower rates of smoking by mothers have reduced the rates of ear infections during the first year of a baby, finds a new study. “Prolonged breastfeeding was associated with significant reductions in both colds and ear infections, which is a common complication of the cold,” said lead…

Creation of minimal cell with just the genes needed for independent life

Researchers have designed and synthesized a minimal bacterial genome, containing only the genes necessary for life, and consisting of just 473 genes. This advances the team’s groundbreaking research published in 2010, in which they built and booted up the first self-replicating, synthetic bacterial cell, providing proof of principle that genomes can be designed in the…

‘Rejuvenation factor’ Zscan4 is expressed in response to telomere shortening

Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology (CDB) in Kobe, Japan, have discovered that Zscan4, a protein believed to be involved in the development of pluripotency in stem cells, is actually a repair mechanism triggered by the shortening of telomeres that takes place during cell division. Zscan4, a protein that binds to DNA, has…

Cell phone radiation throws plants, vegetables in disarray

Researchers from Kolkata’s Jadavpur University have indicated mobile-tower radiation affects plants and vegetables, adding to a debate on the health implications of such technology as India’s telecom watchdog tries to dispel fears. Scientists from the university’s electronics and telecommunications engineering department conducted tests on plants, fruits and vegetables by exposing them to radiation from cell…

NASA data leads to rare discovery: Earth’s moon wandered off axis billions of years ago

Ancient lunar ice indicates the moon’s axis slowly shifted by 125 miles, or 6 degrees, over 1 billion years. Earth’s moon now a member of solar system’s exclusive “true polar wander” club, which includes just a handful of other planetary bodies. that Earth’s moon slowly moved from its original axis roughly 3 billion years ago….

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