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Nobel Prize in Economics 2018

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2018 to William D. Nordhaus, Yale University, New Haven, USA “for integrating climate change into long-run macroeconomic analysis” and Paul M. Romer, NYU Stern School of Business, New York, USA “for integrating technological…

New color-generation mechanism discovered in ‘rainbow’ weevil

Researchers from Yale-NUS College and the University of Fribourg in Switzerland have discovered a novel colour-generation mechanism in nature, which if harnessed, has the potential to create cosmetics and paints with purer and more vivid hues, screen displays that project the same true image when viewed from any angle, and even reduce the signal loss…

DNA of early medieval Alemannic warriors and their entourage decoded

  In 1962, an Alemannic burial site containing human skeletal remains was discovered in Niederstotzingen (Baden-W├╝rttemberg, Germany). and at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena, Germany, have now examined the DNA of these skeletal remains. This has enabled them to determine not only the sex and the degree of…

Why we stick to false beliefs: Feedback trumps hard evidence

Ever wonder why flat earthers, birthers, climate change and Holocaust deniers stick to their beliefs in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary? Developmental psychologists have found that people’s beliefs are more likely to be reinforced by the positive or negative reactions they receive in response to an opinion, task or interaction, than by…

Human genome could contain up to 20 percent fewer genes, researchers reveal

A new study reveals that up to 20% of genes classified as coding (those that produce the proteins that are the building blocks of all living things) may not be coding after all because they have characteristics that are typical of non-coding or pseudogenes (obsolete coding genes). The consequent reduction in the size of the…

Battery breakthrough: Doubling performance with lithium metal that doesn’t catch fire

A rechargeable battery technology developed at the University of Michigan could double the output of today’s lithium ion cells — drastically extending electric vehicle ranges and time between cell phone charges — without taking up any added space. By using a ceramic, solid-state electrolyte, engineers can harness the power of lithium metal batteries without the…

New water simulation captures small details even in large scenes

When designers select a method for simulating water and waves, they have to choose either fast computation or realistic effects; state-of-the-art methods are only able to optimize one or the other. Now, a method developed by researchers at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) and NVIDIA bridges this gap. Their simulation method…

Balloon-borne telescope looks for cosmic gamma rays

Cosmic gamma rays can provide us with important insights into the high-energy phenomena in our universe. The GRAINE (Gamma-Ray Astro-Imager with Nuclear Emulsion) collaboration aims to high resolution record high-energy cosmic gamma rays using a balloon-borne nuclear emulsion telescope. Nuclear emulsion film can record tracks of high-energy charged particles at the highest accuracy level in…

Amazingly ‘green’ synthesis method for high-tech dyes

They not only impress due to their radiant and intense colour, they also have an important technological significance: organic dyes are a class of materials with extremely special properties. From flat screens to electronic paper through to chip cards: in future, many technologies are likely to be based on organic molecules like these. Previously, such…

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