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Guiding flight: The fruit fly’s celestial compass

What do ancient seafaring explorers and fruit flies have in common? Caltech researchers have discovered that, similar to nautical navigators of old, fruit flies use celestial cues like the sun to navigate in straight lines. Imagine you’re wandering alone through a vast desert — the landscape is barren and the sun is blazing. There are…

Researchers are turning to deadly venoms in their quests for life-saving therapies

Venomous reptiles, bugs and marine life have notorious reputations as dangerous, sometimes life-threatening creatures.  first author Mandë Holford, an associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York (GC/CUNY) and Hunter College, details how technology and a growing understanding of the evolution of venoms are pointing the…

Artificial intelligence guides rapid data-driven exploration of underwater habitats

A recent expedition led by Dr. Blair Thornton, holding Associate Professorships at both the University of Southampton and the Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo, demonstrated how the use of autonomous robotics and artificial intelligence at sea can dramatically accelerate the exploration and study of hard to reach deep sea ecosystems, like intermittently…

Cannibalistic materials feed on themselves to grow new nanostructures

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory induced a two-dimensional material to cannibalize itself for atomic “building blocks” from which stable structures formed. The findings,  provide insights that may improve design of 2D materials for fast-charging energy-storage and electronic devices. “Under our experimental conditions, titanium and carbon atoms can spontaneously form an…

Researchers 3D print prototype for ‘bionic eye’

A team of researchers at the University of Minnesota have, for the first time, fully 3D printed an array of light receptors on a hemispherical surface. This discovery marks a significant step toward creating a “bionic eye” that could someday help blind people see or sighted people see better. “Bionic eyes are usually thought of…

Evidence of matter-matter coupling

After their recent pioneering experiments to couple light and matter to an extreme degree, Rice University scientists decided to look for a similar effect in matter alone. The discovery could help advance the understanding of spintronics and quantum magnetism. On the spintronics side, he said the work will lead to faster information processing with lower…

Beluga whales and narwhals go through menopause

Scientists have discovered that beluga whales and narwhals go through the menopause — taking the total number of species known to experience this to five. Aside from humans, the species now known to experience menopause are all toothed whales  belugas, narwhals, killer whales and short-finned pilot whales. Almost all animals continue reproducing throughout their lives,…

Chemists make breakthrough on road to creating a rechargeable lithium-oxygen battery

Chemists from the University of Waterloo have successfully resolved two of the most challenging issues surrounding lithium-oxygen batteries, and in the process created a working battery with near 100 per cent coulombic efficiency. The new work, proves that four-electron conversion for lithium-oxygen electrochemistry is highly reversible. The team is the first to achieve four-electron conversion,…

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